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CSBG Archive

Comics You Should Own – Grendel #1-12

Matt Wagner’s masterpiece is our next installment.  For now, I’m only looking at the first twelve issues.  Next time, we’ll go beyond that.  And, as always, SPOILERS abound in these posts!

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Grendel by Matt Wagner (writer), Arnold and Jacob Pander (pencillers; inkers, issues 7, 9, 12), Jay Geldhof (inker, issues 1-2, 4-6, 8, 10-11), and Rich Rankin (inker, issue 3).

Comico, 12 issues (#1-12), cover dated October 1986-September 1987.

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Matt Wagner’s seminal creation was actually not that good the first time he appeared.  I encourage people to track down the early appearances of Hunter Rose, the original Grendel, some of which are handily collected in a nice hardcover from Dark Horse that recently came out.  They certainly aren’t great comics, because Wagner was definitely still finding his way, but they are interesting.  In later years, Wagner has revisited his first Grendel with several mini-series, and soon he’ll be doing the art on a new one, and Hunter has become more interesting as those series have come out.  But when he first appeared, he was a bit of a stereotype.  Then Comico started an ongoing series, and Wagner decided to leave Hunter Rose in the grave.  But how would Grendel appear without Hunter Rose?

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The idea Wagner came up with was sheer genius and spurred his creation to new heights.  He decided that Hunter Rose himself was NOT Grendel, but that Grendel itself was a force that could “possess” people.  Therefore, Grendel could be anyone.  Immediately, Grendel went from a fairly normal fantasy character (the precocious savant who becomes bored with life and turns to assassination and other crimes) with a nemesis (the ugly avenging force of good that appears grotesque when compared to the playboy killer) to a complex psychological drama of how we conceive evil and what exactly makes someone evil.  The ongoing lasted 50 issues (sort of; we’ll get to that below), and the first 12 form a glorious tale of revenge, horror, and injustice.  It’s a frightening look at what drives people to murder and why it can occasionally be defended.

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Wagner introduces us to Christine Spar, “Grendel’s Granddaughter,” who wrote a biography of Hunter Rose and gained fame as a result.  Christine is the perfect character to investigate Hunter Rose; she is the daughter of Stacy Palumbo, Hunter Rose’s adoptive daughter.  Due to Stacy Palumbo’s rather upsetting past (her husband raped her and then hanged himself on their wedding night, and spent the rest of her life in an institution), Christine was also adopted and only found out who her mother was late in Stacy’s life.  Moreover, Christine is also a widow with a young son, Anson.  Therefore, she is already shadowed by tragedy when the book begins, and soon it will grow darker in her life.

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Christine’s best friend, Regina, takes her to a Kabuki troupe performance in the first issue.  This turns out to be a bad idea, as she goes backstage after the performance and meets the star, Tujiro XIV.  Tujiro is a creepy performer, as he licks Christine’s hand and plucks a hair from Anson’s head.  Christine is mesmerized by him, but she also is creeped out.  Later, Tujiro kidnaps Anson.  Christine tries to go through the police, but they’re unhelpful.  Christine does some investigating, and finds out that other boys disappeared right after seeing the Kabuki show.  She has no proof, so she can’t go to the police.  She finally decides to break into the New York Public Library, where Hunter Rose’s Grendel gear is on display.  She steals the outfit and the double-pronged fork Hunter Rose used as a weapon and goes to San Francisco to hunt Tujiro.  At the moment she puts the outfit on, Grendel’s old enemy, Argent, realizes that “he’s” back.  The stage is set.

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We’ll get back to Argent, because he’s important to the saga as a whole.  Christine, meanwhile, arrives in San Francisco and meets Brian Li Sung, the stage manager.  As her cover, she tells him she’s trying to land an interview with Tujiro.  Regina tracks her down, and Christine knows instinctively that the police are bugging the phones.  This leads Argent, who works with the police, to give us a hint of what’s happening to Christine: “She is obviously weaving her friend’s thoughts,” he says.  “She does not merely act like Grendel … She is.”  We don’t quite understand how Christine is so good at “being Grendel,” and Argent’s idea makes sense.  We get more of this as the series goes on, but for now, Wagner keeps it vague.  Christine discovers where Tujiro is staying, and one night, while he’s out, she breaks into his hotel room.  There she discovers the first horrific thing about Tujiro: he collects eyes.  In that instant, Christine realizes her son is dead, and for the second issue of a new series, it’s a bold move by Wagner.  We weren’t hopeful about Anson’s fate, but the confirmation that Tujiro did actually kill him is still unexpected, and we feel the kick in the gut that Christine feels.  With that realization, this switches from a tale of rescue to one of pure revenge, and leads Christine into darker and darker territory.

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Tujiro finds her in his bedroom and fights her, defeating her rather easily and forcing her to flee.  As she continues to stalk him and his associates, she discovers a more disturbing truth about him: he’s a vampire.  Wagner stated in the letters column that he wanted to bring in a non-European mythology of vampires, hence Tujiro.  The weakness of the book is that Tujiro isn’t all that different from European versions of vampires, except in some superficial ways and perhaps with the harvesting of eyes.  Still, when we learn Tujiro’s secret, it’s a shocking revelation.  Christine doesn’t know how to handle him, but she continues to stalk him.  Tujiro is also running a slavery ring, and he next targets Brian, with whom Christine is falling in love.  So it becomes doubly personal for her – she still wants vengeance, but she also wants to save a budding relationship.  Brian doesn’t believe any of it, but as Tujiro closes in on Christine, he’s drawn further into the battle.  In issues #6 & 7, Christine tells him everything and confronts Tujiro.  We see how deep she has gotten into the Grendel persona.  She rigs all his tour busses to explode, killing his entire troupe.  Throughout all of this, she has become more and more calculating, even sleeping with Brian the first time to keep him away from his apartment so the slavers couldn’t get him.  Despite her growing feelings for Brian, her revenge against Tujiro comes first.  Surprisingly, her fight with Tujiro is unsatisfying, but Christine can’t continue it.  That’s because this comic isn’t really about Christine’s external enemies, either Tujiro or Argent.  It’s about her inner demons, and Tujiro is really just a catalyst.  Several people complained that their battle was poorly done because it was inconclusive, but they missed the point.  Christine’s true nemesis is Argent, and Tujiro is just a way for her interior enemy, Grendel, to get into her life.  Which he has, with a vengeance.

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We see this throughout the first part of the book.  As I pointed out above, Argent, who is somehow linked to Grendel, suddenly realizes that “he” is back, because he thinks it’s Hunter Rose, even though he learns soon that it’s Christine.  In issue #2, he says that she is Grendel, because he understands that Christine, as herself, could never twist Regina like she has and figure out that the cops are bugging her.  Somehow Argent realizes that whatever made Hunter Rose Grendel has moved on to Christine.  Christine herself hasn’t figured this out yet.  When she returns to New York in issue #8, she begins to comprehend what Grendel means to her.  When the cops pick her up at the airport and take her back to Argent’s house, she discovers that they are scared of her, even though they are much bigger than she is.  “These are why I am,” she writes in her journal.  “And in those moments, I knew how Hunter Rose saw.  I knew it because I felt how they saw him.  And in the end, this is what will save me: the irrationality of their fears … my purpose … direction … belief in myself … and my usage of Grendel.  I knew what he saw.”  She still calls it “usage” even as she relates more and more to what Hunter Rose was like.  She focuses her anger on the police, but Wagner, ironically perhaps, doesn’t give her much to be actually angry about, even though we remain sympathetic to her.

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What do I mean?  “Grendel” returns because Christine wanted to find her son.  She takes the law into her own hands, steals Hunter Rose’s trappings, and tracks Tujiro down.  While the inactivity of the police in finding Anson is frustrating, there’s nothing deliberately diabolical about it.  In San Francisco, she does kill Tujiro’s bodyguard and several of his troupe members, and despite the fact that Tujiro is killing young boys and running a slavery ring, Christine has no evidence of their crimes.  If we look at it from the police perspective, we have a woman who is distraught over her son’s disappearance and kills random people to assuage her grief and rage.  The police who persecute her – a San Francisco cop named Dominic Riley, and a New York cop, Captain Wiggins – are certainly brutes, and Riley does beat Brian up, which enrages Christine, but it’s still not enough for her response.  Throughout the book, Wagner makes us wonder if Christine has, in fact, gone insane, or if she’s justified in her response, or if “Grendel” is directing her actions.  As she falls deeper and deeper into her anger, Grendel takes more and more control.  This is what’s frightening about the comic, not the fact that a vampire is stealing children’s eyes.

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As we’ve seen, Grendel takes control early on, but we don’t really begin to realize how far gone Christine has gone until the wonderful issue #9, “Devil’s Revenge.”  At the end of issue #8, Dominic Riley followed Brian to New York, where he’s gone to see Christine despite warnings to stay in San Francisco.  Riley pistol whips Brian, which naturally pisses Christine off.  Issue #9 begins with Christine’s narration: “And as to the problem with Dominic Riley …” and then, Wagner and the Panders take us on a 26-page silent odyssey in which Christine stalks her prey.  It’s a tour-de-force of cat-and-mouse, as Riley sees Grendel everywhere, growing more and more paranoid.  Christine puts hot coals in his coat, but he can’t find her.  A sign breaks loose from its moorings and almost smashes into him.  She pushes him in front of a train but a good Samaritan yanks him back just in time.  He grows more and more desperate, until she finally catches up to him.  On the last page, with Christine standing over his body pulling the fork out of his chest, the only sentence in the book concludes: “… eventually, I killed him.”  It’s an astonishing issue, not only because of the way Wagner and his artist collaborators create gripping tension without words, but because it’s the first time we realize that Christine has completely gone over to the dark side.  Riley was a punk cop who abused his power, true.  But he hadn’t actually done anything that warrants this kind of response from Christine.  We cheer for his fate, because we loathe him, but when we consider his actual “crime” and how she deals with him, it’s far more chilling.  This is a woman who has gone too far.  Once she kills Riley, it’s too late for her.  Argent wants her too badly.

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Riley’s death sets up the final confrontation with Argent.  Although Wagner doesn’t give us much information about Argent, in the earlier series, Hunter Rose asks him who he is, and Argent, we learn, is a 300-year-old Native American who was cursed by a wolf god.  He is drawn to violent acts, and he made criminals his targets so that he could exist in society.  It’s interesting to contrast Argent to Grendel, because without being too obvious about it, Wagner makes it clear that they are two sides of the same coin.  Argent needs to fight, and he focuses on criminals because before he was cursed he was a pacifist.  Therefore, violence is repellant to part of his personality, but he still needs to express it.  He focuses on Grendel because Grendel – as Hunter Rose – was the perfect criminal.  Ironically, Christine is also cursed and also needs to express herself violently.  She doesn’t understand that she and Argent are reflections of each other until the very end, and then it’s too late.  Both characters are bound by something far greater than they, and once Christine has made her choice, Grendel is in control.  It all leads to the final bloody confrontation.

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Christine kills two policemen who are following her, then fails to kill Captain Wiggins (which will become important in later issues of the comic).  She then enters Argent’s brownstone and, in issue #12, they fight to the death.  It’s a beautiful ballet of blood, really, expertly drawn by the Panders and punctuated with Christine’s journal, in which she finally realizes what she has become and what Argent is.  She writes, “It almost feels as if I’m going to kill a lover,” and she’s not far wrong.  When Argent breaks her weapon, she narrates, “If I am unarmed … I am still deadly.  I must remember that.  I still clutch this hate.  I still cling to my desperation.  I am committed.  I am driven.  I am Grendel.”  At the end, she embraces what she has become, and although this ultimately kills her, it allows her to kill her old enemy too.  As she picks up the two blades from the floor and drives them into Argent’s chest, he rakes his claws across her body, nearly gutting her.  Her narration is powerful: “I realize the danger.  But, the finality is the relief, after all.  My chances aren’t good.  He has bathed in blood much too often.  But then, lately, so have I.  So we meet as equals in fury.  Equals in blood.  Equals when we fall.”  Brian, Regina, and Wiggins all arrive at the brownstone simultaneously, Brian holds Christine as she dies, and she says, “S-so many ways … that I loved you.  So many … ways to … lovvve -”  At the end, Christine rejects Grendel and Brian knows that everything she did was not out of vengeance, but for love.  Her fierce love for Anson spurred her to “pretend” to be Grendel, and her love for Brian allowed Grendel to take over, because she didn’t know how to handle saving him.  Grendel is a powerful force, and it makes her into a force, ultimately, for good.  Hunter Rose became Grendel not out of love, but out of a lust for power.  Despite his love for his ward, Stacy Palumbo, it wasn’t enough to save him, because she also cared about Argent, and their rivalry twisted Hunter’s love.  Christine is able to save her soul because of her love for her dead son and for Brian.  When she kills Riley and goes on her vendetta against Argent, we wonder if she will be able to cleanse herself.  With her final words, we realize that even though Grendel dominated her mind, it wasn’t able to completely corrupt her.  Her story is sad, of course, but it’s not a complete tragedy.  She is able to gain a measure of redemption, because her Grendel wasn’t born completely of hate.

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Part of the reason this book is so great is the Panders’ art.  I have heard in the past that many people were not happy with the art, because of its odd tone, especially when compared to the somewhat gloomy story.  That’s what makes it so perfect, however.  The Pander Bros. don’t allow this book to wallow in Christine’s self-pity or the gruesome tasks of murder.  Later issues of Grendel fell into this trap a bit and suffered somewhat for it.  The Panders’ pop art is magnificent, because of when Wagner sets the story, which is in the bright and shiny future.  One of the letter-writers said it was 38 years in the future, which would put it around 2025.  The world is certainly recognizable (and even dated; Christine has appeared on Donahue promoting her book about Hunter Rose), but Wagner wants us to contrast the futuristic and somewhat gaudy future with the rottenness at its core.  Usually, in books with that theme, a writer makes that point.  Wagner doesn’t have to, because the Panders, with their flying cars and shining skyscrapers, take care of it for us.  It shows the darkness even better, because we are used to an almost Jetsons-like reality, and the shock of the bloody battles Christine fights jerks us into them more effectively.  The pencils are aided by Geldhof’s inks, which keep the drawings slightly sterile and clean.  We are in an ultra-modern world, and again, it heightens the ugliness of Argent while fitting Grendel’s sleekness perfectly.  I’m not sure if it was by design, but when the Panders ink themselves, in issues #7, 9, and 12, they create slightly grittier drawings, with slightly more rendering and loosening of the lines.  These three issues feature the two big fights – the confrontation with Tujiro, the battle with Argent – and the murder of Dominic Riley.  The themes of the issues are rougher, and the art reflects that.  Issue #9, especially, is full of grotesque and horrible urban dwellers, wandering past Riley and creating this strange world where he (as the cover reflects) is but a puppet on Grendel’s strings.  The Panders, with their rougher inks, make this issue far more disturbing than it might be with Geldhof’s cleaner inks.  In the issue, they create images of Grendel’s mask that stalk Riley as Christine does, with lights on the approaching train and headlights on cars lengthening into the familiar eyes of the devil.  It’s truly a wonderful effect.

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One last reason the art needs to be ultra-modern, almost art deco, is because of the nature of Grendel.  Hunter Rose and Christine did not rely on brute strength to kill.  Hunter was a world-class fencer, and Christine studies kendo.  When she fights, it’s almost balletic, and the stylized art of the Panders fits that perfectly.  The panel layouts help with the frenetic feel of the art, and the drawings feel razor-sharp and graceful, which is how Christine fights.  When they ink their own work in issues #7 and 12, Tujiro and Argent become true monsters, and her final battle with Argent requires a paradoxical feel: beautiful brutality.  The Panders are up to the task.  It’s a stunning work of art and a fantastic synthesis of writing and drawing.

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Wagner took Grendel in a new direction following this issue, and the comic became something even more mythic.  The seeds of his epic were planted in this magnificent comic book, and even though the later issues of this series will be the next post in this series, they never quite achieved the focus of these twelve issues.  That’s understandable, as Wagner was doing something different and needed a bigger scope.  The series lasted until issue #40, and then resumed for a 10-issue coda years later.  Then Wagner was done with the character (for a time) and passed it onto other writers.  He has returned in recent years to Hunter Rose with a few mini-series by various artists, and soon he’ll return to the art chores on an eight-issue mini-series about his original Grendel.  Before you buy that (and you really should buy it), you can track down the trade paperback of this comic (it’s still in print, and has been recolored, apparently) and tear into it.  It’s excellent.

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As always, you can consult the archives of Comics You Should Own.  I’m still waiting to hear on the fate of the ones whose links have vanished!

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15 Comments

Wow. I know this is missing the point… but just seeing the Comico logo made me ridiculously nostalgic.

The original Batman/Grendel mini got me into Grendel and Matt Wagner, and I’ve been in love ever since. Grendel is one of the top five series of all time in my opinion. I can’t wait for the new mini with Wagner doing art and writing once again.

Great job on the article.

So how soon until you get to Grendel: War Child? Easily my favorite Wagner/Grendel story.

This was a great Grendel comic, and the only Grendel story I ever really got into. Believe it or not, I was 12 or 13 when I first read it, picking up most of the issues out of a back issue bin for about $1 a piece. I still have them and recently ordered the trade, feeling nostalgic and wanting to finally read the complete story (I never got around to buying issues #1, 5, 8, and 12).

Nice review Greg.

I’ve got all the issues and have been thinking of re-reading the whole series for some time.I’ve not read it for years!

After reading this, and with the new mini-series due later this month, I think I’ll have to start very soon.

If anybody hasn’t read Grendel, I would certainly recommend it.

Tom Fitzpatrick

November 5, 2007 at 2:40 pm

Next to MAGE trilogy, GRENDEL remains a close second of my favorites of all Matt Wagner’s creations.

Be sure to check out GRENDEL: BEHOLD THE DEVIL coming out this month from Dark Horse.

What is the name of the TPB that collects the 12 issues mentioned?

It’s called Devil’s Legacy, Thomas. Wagner painted the cover, which shows Christine kneeling wearing the costume.

Nice. Although I have to dispute almost everything you said about Hunter Rose, pretty much. (He became Grendel out of boredom, mostly, (lost) love second, and not particularly out of lust for power at all. And while the stories in the Archive indeed aren’t very good, _Devil by the Deed_ (originally in backups in _Mage_, then in several different collected editions, most recently a black-white-and-red butchery of the original full-color art) was excellent…

Jeff – I DID mention that he was bored, earlier, but you’re right, maybe “lust for power” is a bit strong. I still think it stems from his boredom, but turned into something else. He was the best at everything, and became bored, so he needed to prove that he was the best criminal, as well. The boredom fed into a desire for power – again, “lust” might be a too strong word for it, but I think Hunter’s desire for control is certainly real.

The reason I don’t include “Devil by the Deed” is because, despite the stunning art by Wagner, it’s really a summary of the Archives. It’s good reading, and if you’re interested in Grendel at all, probably essential, but it still doesn’t rise to the level of the ongoing. Wagner got a lot better in the brief time between Mage and this series.

To me these twelve issues where the issues I had to read before I got to the good stuff. It was passable. The Devil Inside was much better, but it really started getting good for me with the issues that have been reprinted as Grendel Classics/Devil Tales – and then the Orion Assante story, the Tim Sale one that followed and War Child were all excellent.

Also the Pander Brothers’ art is really ugly!

Coming late to this, but… this arc didn’t work for me.

Why not?

1) Christine is never really developed as a character. Her motivation for picking up the mask is at once depressing and hackneyed; beyond that, we never really get much feel for this woman.

In fact, I’d say Christine falls between two stools: she’s just developed enough that the stuff that happens to her is depressing, but not enough that we really end up interested or caring.

2) This is really a horror story rather than an action comic. Which is fine, except that it looks like an action comic. You think the Pander Brothers art fits the story; I disagree. I found the kinetic, “cartoony” art distracting, and not consistent with the basically unpleasant and nihlistic storyline: child is killed, mother becomes violent and kills various people, then is killed herself.

3) The conflict with Argent didn’t make much sense.

It’s interesting to put this book next to Mage, Volume One. Mage was a wild romp, with each issue easily read in a few minutes but rewarding repeated examination. I think young Wagner very deliberately stepped away from the crazy pace of Mage to do a slower, more psychological, more deliberate story… but I don’t think he quite had the chops to pull it off.

Like Christine, Kevin Matchstick didn’t have much personality. (He’s afraid of heights, and… um, that’s it.) But with Kevin, that worked, since the whole point was that he was an Everyman, unexpectedly called to heroism. For Grendel to work as a tragedy, we’d have to care about Christine. And we don’t. Which makes it not tragedy, but at best Grand Guignol, and at worst… well, a mess.

So I see Grendel as an interesting mistake, a “second novel” journeyman work that shows some of the tropes Wagner would develop more effectively in his later work. YMMV.

(And whatever became of the Pander Brothers, anyway?)

Doug M.

So I see Grendel as an interesting mistake, a “second novel” journeyman work that shows some of the tropes Wagner would develop more effectively in his later work. YMMV.

Did you read the rest of Grendel? The really good stuff kicks in somewhere around issue 20 IIRC, so don’t write it of on the strength of this storyline.

(And whatever became of the Pander Brothers, anyway?)

They did a vertigo mini a few years ago.

I was a huge fan of Matt Wagner’s Mage and Grendel in the 80s. I re-read Devil’s Legacy for the first time since it was originally published. The reading was enjoyable but the flaws of the work were much more present to me now than as a teenager. It is still worth checking out.

The book is definitely an artifact of the 80s. The Pander Brothers artwork was really different for the time. Their style reminds me of Patrick Nagel and the clothes are pretty new wave with the big suits. One 80s thing that cracked me up was the reference to Phil Donahue.

The later God and the Devil storyline I remember being the best one.

[...] Grendel #1-12 by Matt Wagner, Arnold and Jacob Pander, and Jay Geldhof.  [...]

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